Tag Archives: character development

Authors Answer 138 – Developing Characters

Characters are central to a story. They need to be well-developed and believable to be considered good characters in a serious story. It’s important to make sure their behaviour is consistent. We’re going back to basics this month, talking about the development of stories. This week, it’s characters.

Question 138 – How do you develop the characters of your stories?

H. Anthe Davis

Jeez, I don’t know… I’m five books into a series, so at this point when I introduce a new character, I usually I have a vague idea of what I need from them (antagonist or ally? from which faction? which gender, which skills?), and then I spin details off of that base, trying not to duplicate traits from other characters. Then I write them into scenes with other established characters and figure out how they interact, and either expand upon them if it’s an interesting dynamic, or keep them sidelined/backgrounded if that’s all they’re good for. As for my main characters… Hell, I don’t know that either, since I first made some of them over twenty years ago. I guess it’s just basic traits + personal quirks + character interactions + developing history and psychology as I go along, until they start to feel like real people.

Tracey Lynn Tobin

To be honest, I base most of my characters on real people I know, and sometimes on TV/movie characters that I’ve watched for years and feel I know practically as well as a real person in my life. From there I base the progression of the characters on how I imagine their real-life counterpart would actually react to the situations I come up with for them. Obviously it’s all conjecture, as I couldn’t possibly know how anyone would actually react to something like zombies or being transported to an alternate universe, but it helps me develop my characters by picturing the events happening in real life and running with how my imagination views things playing out among the people involved.

Jean Davis

As a tried and true pantser, I start writing a male or female of whatever age is fitting to the story and figure out who they are along the way. I like to get to know them in context rather than on a character sheet beforehand. Though, I did try that once. It was too restrictive. I ended up picking a couple characteristics from the whole sheet and just running with that. He became a pretty cool and loyal supporting character.

Beth Aman

In my opinion, characters are composed of details. So I build characters by assembling details, sometimes from my imagination and sometimes from real people (generally strangers, not friends). Every human is a jigsaw of details – nervous habits, catch-phrases, dressing choices, speech patterns, favorite books, topics they talk about again and again, etc. My favorite characters are the ones that feel like real people because they have things that make them them. So that’s what I strive to do with my own characters.

C E Aylett

Research. Lots of it. I research where they come from, read blogs if I can find them of where they live or grew up to find local knowledge and build a picture from there. I also use character questionnaires to really dig deeper. There’s other tricks, too, but those are the main ones.

Paul B. Spence

My characters grow organically. Main characters get backstories written before I begin. Others get what I come up with on the fly. It is usually just a matter of asking who is right to see this story through, and going from there.

D. T. Nova

Not very deliberately. The original concept can be sparked from anywhere, and once a character exists in my head they have a life of their own. Characters created for one simple reason turn out to have depths I didn’t know, or adopt attributes that I had thought belong to someone else. I run scenarios through my head and pay attention to what never changes, and that includes situations I don’t have a reason to write.

Linda G. Hill

My characters often come to me. In my recent release, The Magician’s Curse, a ghost showed up at the door. I have no idea where she came from, but she told me who she was, and ended up being a favourite of some of my beta readers. It’s like that for just about every main or secondary character in my stories. Sometimes they’re inspired by an accent (Stewie’s, from Family Guy for example), sometimes a speech pattern (don’t got no example for that), and sometimes it’s a physical trait in someone I’ve seen in real life. In my current work-in-progress I have a character with a nose so sharp it could cut a cheesecake. I saw him at the mall and thought that immediately.

Cyrus Keith

I’ll be honest, I start with a vague, general sketch, and let the characters just kind of develop themselves as the story progresses. Sometimes, I’ll get a “whoa, that’s awesome!” kind of revelation halfway through, and then I have to go all the way back to the beginning of the story and edit those qualities in. That way, the story and the characters grow together. Besides, I’m way too lazy to generate complex character tables.

Gregory S. Close

I create a thorough backstory for all of my major characters, and try to get at least the basics in for supporting characters. Then, as the story unfolds, the characters reveal interesting bits about themselves that I incorporate into the narrative. Sometimes little of the original background remains, sometimes a lot. The important thing is to be true to the “voice” of the character – don’t try to force it.

Jay Dee Archer

I get pretty detailed about my characters before I even start writing. The main characters all get a biography. Not only do I write out their life history, I make note of their appearance, personality, major life milestones, age, birthplace, political stance, hobbies, strengths, weaknesses, and more. For dialogue, I want to make sure I have their mannerisms down. This needs to be consistent. They need to sound like they’re all different characters. That’s a major problem for some authors. They create characters that all sound the same. For minor characters, they’re developed as I write, mostly. But sometimes, for both major and minor characters, they take on a life of their own. They go a little different direction that I first intended, but this usually works out and makes them more realistic.

How about you?

If you’re an author, how do you develop your characters? Let us know in the comments section below.

Flash Fiction – Hope from Despair

I wrote this short scene for the writing course as self-portrait assignment.  I was given two choices, to write in the first person or as a narrator.  I had to show a person’s desire that could not be achieved, but also at the same time show a part of his personality.  This was an exercise to provide character development and how their desires could form a story.  It was to be around 250 words long.

I’d like to mention that the main character, Paolo, is the same Paolo Fernandes from Journey to Ariadne.  This may provide a bit of an insight into his character.

The moment I read the report, I knew it was too late. Methane was outgassing at a historically unprecedented rate. The projections were horrifying. All the lives that would be lost, not just human. I read the foreshadowing of the latest mass extinction event. My beautiful Brazil with its incredible biodiversity would be devastated.

“Gabriel,” I said, looking at my colleague. “This can’t be stopped, can it?”

Gabriel’s normally tanned face had turned a lighter shade. “No.”

“The rainforests we worked so hard to save, there’s no chance for them.”

“All for nothing, Paolo.”

“Damn! Those selfish sons of bitches. Money’s more important than our future to them!” I surprised myself. I was usually calm. But this was too much for me. It felt so personal, like it was an attack on me. But it was everyone’s problem. There was nothing we could do.

“Are you going to do it?” asked Gabriel.

“What? Do what?” I said. I had no idea what he was talking about.

“Mars. Are you going to take the offer then?”

“Mars,” I said. I remembered the offer I’d received to join the geological survey on Mars. “Of course. If there’s nothing we can do here, there’s no reason for me not to go now.”

It was that moment that I made my decision. My life’s work on Earth was ending. A new opportunity in Mars opened up. Calmness fell over me once again. It’s surprising how a moment of despair could develop into one of hope.

Quick Character Notes

Writing character profiles is a very useful thing to do if you want to maintain consistency in your characters’ background, personality, likes, appearance, and pretty much everything.  In the writing course I’m doing, we had to make very brief point form notes about a character in our notebooks.  I decided to do this on one of my characters in Journey to Ariadne.  I’ve already done a character profile in a different way, but I thought this was quite thorough.

So, I’m going to share it with you.

Paolo Fernandes


  • Age: 51 (born January 7, 2112)
  • Height: 176 cm
  • Size: slim
  • State of health: A bit of stress, but healthy
  • Assets: Good physique, full head of hair
  • Flaws: Lower bone density due to Mars gravity
  • Sexuality: Straight
  • Gait: Confident, long stride
  • Voice: Middle, pleasant sounding


  • Intelligence: very high
  • Temperament: Kind and understanding, but has a sense of control, good charisma
  • Happiness: Family, job, swimming
  • Unhappiness: Stress from Earth situation and long work hours
  • Attitudes: Dislikes capitalism, loves peace
  • Self-knowledge: Knows he gets worked up about intrusion into his projects
  • Unconscious aspects: Constantly checks his hair


  • Family: Wife Irina, no children
  • Friends: David Martin, Mari Watanabe, William de Boer
  • Colleagues: Ben Taylor, Gianni Marino, Mari Watanabe, William de Boer, Jean Fourier, Malika Said, Gary Fitzsimmons, Carol Parent, Jan Goerz
  • Birthplace: Manaus, Brazil
  • Education: PhD in geology from Brasilia Academy of Science
  • Hobbies: Swimming, guitar, reading
  • Beliefs: Atheism, democratic socialism
  • Values: Equality for all, fairness
  • Lifestyle: He works a lot, but spends time with his wife and does a lot of swimming.  Reads on his breaks.

Personal history

  • 2130 – Graduated high school
  • 2138 – PhD in geology
  • 2142 – met David Martin
  • 2144 – Went to Mars – geologic survey
  • 2147 – Joined Ariadne Project, geologist
  • 2148 – War in Brazil, father was killed
  • 2153 – Principle geologist of Ariadne Project
  • 2158 – Married Irina Kuznetsova
  • 2159 – Chairman of Ariadne Project

This was done in about 10 minutes.  In the exercise, it was recommended, that many of the attributes should be thought of quickly, rather than spending a lot of time dwelling on it.  This way, the character will be more realistic, and the character’s personality starts coming through.  The character helps create him or herself.

I’ll be doing this for the rest of the main characters and some minor characters, but I won’t be posting them.  How do you develop characters?

Also, just a reminder that the second What Will You Write? has begun! Check it out if you haven’t done so.